The development of future projects by Jeep vehicles with 4 Ã— 4 wheels began in the 1950s. As a result of this program was the appearance in 1962 a new versatile Jeep Wagoneer that significantly different from the earlier manufactured cars of this type. This model is equipped with a full and rear wheel drive. Its forefather was the Willys Jeep Wagon. The similar cars are the Jeep Gladiator and Jeep Honcho.
From 1963 to 1991 produced full-size Jeep Wagoneer SJ. From the beginning of 1984 - compact SUV that subsequently became Jeep Cherokee XJ and Jeep Grand Cherokee ZJ. The manufacturers of these machines were Willys Motors. The factory was located in Toledo (Ohio).
Wagoneer had a frame and three body types: 2-door truck on basis of wagon Jeep Gladiator, 2- and 4-door SUV. At the base of the structure located Jeep SJ platform. Dimensions of the machine were 4730/1900/1690 mm with a wheelbase of 2761 mm. Curb weight reached 2048 kg.
SUV has a 6-cylinder 3.8 L carburetor engines Tornado (140 hp, from 1964 - 133 hp), 4.2 L AMC (1979), and the V8 5.4 L Vigilante (250 hp, 460 Nm), 5.7 L Buick Dauntless (230 hp, 470 Nm), 5.9 L and 6.6 l AMC. Fuel consumption of auto with 4.2 L engine on the highway was 9.4 liters, and in the urban cycle - 13 liters per 100 kilometers.
Motors are packaged with 3 - and 4-speed manual or 3-speed automatic transmission GM THM400 and Chrysler A727.
In 1968, the production of rear-wheel drive version of car was discontinued. In 1970, the factory improved auto insulation and replaced engines on the new 5.9 and 6.6 liters. In 1973, the four-wheel drive became a permanent, and in 1974 again began assembling of two-door version (Cherokee).
Jeep Wagoneer was one of the first cars called Â«sport utility vehicleÂ» (SUV). For 28 years of car production there was not any significant changes. Using in the construction of utilitarian car independent front suspension, power steering and automatic transmission made this SUV almost a landmark. In 1991, Wagoneer production was completed. His successor became the Jeep Grand Cherokee.